Information on the most common Stones used today
Marble is the most widespread of natural stones used within residential and commercial entities.
When marble is maintained properly, the longevity of the stone will be prolonged for the many years and in turn enhancing the beauty of your home or establishment.
Typically most marble tiles appear with ever changing grains, veins and fissures prominently scattered in random places and can appear in different a variety of different colours. It is a relatively soft stone making it porous in nature which is why it is extremely important to protect your stone with a quality sealing product.
Granite is an incredibly durable stone that come in the form a many colours. It mainly can be used in low and high traffic areas in a range of residential and commercial settings. Granite is suitable for floor and wall applications, both interior and exterior but above all in our honest opinion the best place for granite in terms of practicality is in the kitchen.
It is important to remember a polished granite stone can be slippery when wet and therefore it is essential to consider having an anti-slip treatment applied. Granite can withstand scratching, staining and etching a lot better than a marble but protection for granite is not out of the question. Granite needs to be sealed accordingly.
Travertine is a form of limestone originating from quarries in Italy. They give off usually warm neutral tones and will compliment a range of interior design styles. They can be found in homes both interior (polished) and exterior (left on hone). Travertine appears more commonly in a tan like colour but an also appear in beige or various shades of white. They have gained the notoriety as the stone that looks like swiss chesse, pertaining to the holes that come in its raw form. The holes can either be filled or unfilled depending upon it’s placement and use.
Terrazzo basically consists of exposing marble or granite chips upon the surface of concrete leaving to set and after diamond polished to give a smooth surface. Tiles of this nature can be polished to a high glaze and use of terrazzo is found usually in exterior and interior floor settings. They are extremity practical in high traffic settings such as hotel lobbies and malls.
Sandstone is one the most versatile rocks that you will most commonly find in pool surrounds and exterior patios. They have an extremely high porosity yet very durable. Most of our work with sandstone involves cleaning and sealing exterior tiling. It is very important to have a suitable protective sealant applied periodically especially given it’s exposure to the elements.
Quartz tiles are composite tiles, made of quartz, resin, sand and crushed glass particles which subsequently give them a unique reflective silver sparkle. Aside from their attractive finish, quartz floor tiles are equally popular for their durability. They can be highly resistant to staining and also offer very low maintenance when caring for them. It is not common for a quartz tiles or benches to require sealing given their durable nature.
Engineered stone is otherwise known as man-made stone. It is a composite consisting of combination of crushed stone (i.e marble) and typically a polymer resin or cement mix. Most engineered stones are made to closely resemble the look of the most popular colours and textures of natural stones, with granite being the most popular look replicated. The most prevalent brands of engineered stones are Caesarstone, Essastone, Smartstone and are often found in the form of bench tops in a vast number of homes these days but also can be found as tiles for flooring. Engineered bench tops are prone to chipping occurring due to a blunt heavy force usually coming in contact with the edge of the bench. These chips are easily repairable with precise handy-work and expertise.
Common Concerns with Stone these days
Over time the polish on your floors or bench-tops will wear off especially in high traffic areas. The higher the traffic the likelihood your floor will need polishing sooner rather than later. Regular maintenance is advised if you would like your floors kept looking immaculate. Marbles are notoriously softer than other natural stones and therefore wear more easily. Click Here for more info.
Efflorescence is not a usual occurrence. It appears as white flaky powder sticking on the surface of your stone. Ultimately this is the result of flooding or large pools of water being left to penetrate the stone surface and when dried a reaction known as crystallisation will occur. Contact us to if you notice this happening on your stone.
Etching is a common occurrence in soft stone surfaces. It usually occurs when acidic liquids are spilled and left to absorb through the porous layers. What appears like dull spots can be very difficult to remove and will require our polishing procedure to completely remove them. Click Here for more info.
Chips & Cracks
Chips and cracks can be repaired with either our advanced UV light repair unit or an epoxy resin depending upon the size and depth of the damage. Damage to your stone is hard to avoid especially if the stone is poorly laid making the stone prone to such damages. We offer an exclusive repair service, efficient and cost-worthy. Click Here for more info.
When you notice staining on your stone, the likely cause is primarily having no sealer or a sealer that has worn off over the years. Foods, drinks and oils are likely contributors. Stains may be removed with a our poultice paste or at least improve the appearance. Click Here for more info.
Water/Cup Ring Marks
Just like etch marks, a prime example of water/cup rings is when you leave a glass or cup on your bench-top with moisture at the bottom. It doesn’t take long before the water seeps through the surface leaving a dull ring or mark. Of course this is prominent when there is no sealer present in the stone and they are extremely noticeable amongst shiny polished surfaces. Polishing is only procedure to remove water/cup ring marks. Click Here for more info.